Constitution and employment of the Force

  1. Establishment of Police Force

There shall be established for Nigeria a police force to be known as the Nigeria Police Force (in this Act referred to as “the Force”).

4. General duties of the police

The police shall be employed for the prevention and detection of crime, the apprehension of offenders, the preservation of law and order, the protection of life and property and the due enforcement of all laws and regulations with which they are directly charged, and shall perform such military duties within or outside Nigeria as may be required of them by, or under the authority of this or any other Act.

[1979 No. 23.]

5. Constitution of the Force

There shall be an Inspector-General of the Nigeria Police, such number of Deputy In-spectors-General, Assistant Inspectors-General as the Nigeria Police Council considers appropriate, a Commissioner for each State of the Federation and such ranks as may, from time to time, be appointed by the Nigeria Police Council.

[1979 No. 23.]

6. Command of the Force

The Force shall be under the command of the Inspector-General, and contingents of the Force stationed in a State shall, subject to the authority of the Inspector-General, be under the command of the Commissioner of that State.

7. Duties of the Deputy Inspector-General of Police

(1) A Deputy Inspector-General is the second in command of the Force and shall act for the Inspector-General in the Inspector-General’s absence from Force Headquarters.

(2) When acting for the Inspector-General, the Deputy Inspector-General shall be guided by the following-

  1. all matters involving any change in Force policy shall be held in abeyance

pending the return of the Inspector-General or, if the matter is urgent, referred directly to the Inspector-General for his instructions;

(b) all matters of importance dealt with by the Deputy Inspector-General during

the absence of the Inspector-General shall be referred to the Inspector-General

on his return.

8. Duties of an Assistant Inspector-General

(1) An Assistant Inspector-General shall be subordinate in rank to the Deputy In-spector-General but shall be senior to all commissioners.

    1. An assistant Inspector-General shall act for the Inspector-General in the absence of both the Inspector-General and the Deputy Inspector-General and when so acting, the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) of section 7 of this Act shall, with all necessary modifications, apply to him.

9. Establishment of the Nigeria Police Council

(1) There is hereby established a body to be known as the Nigeria Police Council (in this Act referred to as “the Council”) which shall consist of-

(a) the President who shall be chairman;

  1. the Governor of each State of the Federation;
  2. the chairman of the Police Service Commiss ion;
  3. the Inspector-General of Police.
  4. The functions of the Council shall include-
  5. the organisation and administration of the Nigeria Police Force and all other matters relating thereto (not being matters relating to the use and operational control of the Force, or the appointment, disciplinary control and dismissal of members of the Force);

(b) the general supervision of the Nigeria Police Force;

    1. advising the President on the appointment of the Inspector-General of Police.
  1. The Permanent Secretary in the Police Affairs Office, in the Presidency, shall be

the Secretary to the Council and the Secretariat of the Council shall be in the Police Af-fairs Office, the Presidency.

[1990 No. 47.]

  1. The President shall be charged with operational control of the Force.
    1. The Inspector-General shall be charged with the command of the Force subject to the directive of the President.

10. Public safety and public order

  1. The President may give to the Inspector-General such directions with respect to the maintaining and securing of public safety and public order as he may consider neces-sary, and the Inspector-General shall comply with those directions or cause them to be complied with.
  2. Subject to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, the Commiss ioner of a State shall comply with the directions of the Governor of the State with respect to the maintaining and securing of public safety and public order within the State, or cause them

to be complied with: .(

Provided that before carrying out any such direction the Commissioner may re-quest that the matter stlould be referred to the President for his directions.

11. Delegation by Inspector -General

The Inspector-General may, with the consent of the President by writing under his hand, delegate any of his powers under this Act (except this power of delegation) so that the delegated powers may be exercised by the delegate with respect to the matters or class of matters specified or defined in the instrument of delegation.

12. Command of police in case of active service

When required to perform military duties in accordance with the provisions of sec-tion 4 of this Act, such duties entailing service with the armed forces of Nigeria or any force for the time being attached thereto or acting therewith, the police shall be under the command and subject to the orders of the officer in command of the forces in Nigeria, but for the purposes of interior economy shall remain under the control of a superior police officer.

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